ATTENTION ALL EMPLOYEES
Riverside Contracting Inc. has adopted a post accident drug testing policy. If you are injured in a work related accident and test positive for illegal/illicit drugs,you could be denied your Worker’s Compensation benefits.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
“Don’t take chances – Safety First.” What does that mean and why do we talk about safety? We promote safety and health practices for a number of reasons; legal, environmental, financial and ethical. We would like to talk about each so our position is clear.
Legal: There are federal and state agencies such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Mining Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and Department of Transportation (DOT),which are responsible for enforcing safe operating procedures in the work place. They have a legal mandate to monitor job site safety and health.
We as employers have the duty to provide all our employees with a safe workplace. Employees in return have an obligation to follow the Company’s safety rules. Working together, the agencies, the Company and the employees can work towards providing a safe work environment and also work towards a “Zero Injury” goal.
Environmental: As a contractor in the heavy/highway industry our work often has potential impacts on the environment. We work closely with our clients to identify the potential problems and plan ways to avoid damage to sensitive ecosystems. Noise monitoring, hazardous waste disposal, water quality; all are issues with which we now contend with.
Each employee has a part to play in protecting our natural resources. Safe operating procedures help us reach this goal. We work with such government agencies as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or state bureaus, to do our part to protect our natural resources. We expect no less from each employee.
Financial: We work in a competitive industry. Every time we get work it is because we were able to beat our competition in the bid process. Every time we suffer an accident it effects our ability to get more work in the future.
Lost productivity due to injuries affects the bottom line. Each accident impacts our insurance costs; both Workers Compensation insurance and liability insurance. These increases show up in future bids, therefore making us less competitive.
Ethical: Perhaps the most important reason behind our emphasis on safety is that it is the right thing to do. We all have a responsibility to protect ourselves and our fellow workers. We are all in this together.
Getting the job done is important. But getting it done safely is more important. By working safely we protect our people and equipment, we comply with the law, preserve our natural resources, and we still remain competitive.
We expect every employee to take part in our Safety Program. We expect everyone to work safely and efficiently and to help others to do the same. If you have any questions, bring them up with your supervisor or contact the company safety manager. We all want the same thing – the opportunity to be working here tomorrow.
Riverside Contracting Management
This handbook covers the general safety rules for all employees of Riverside Contracting, Inc. The intent of this manual is to prevent workplace accidents and injuries, and to broaden safety awareness in the workplace. These rules represent the minimum safety requirements adopted by Riverside Contracting Inc. Not every requirement of safe operation can be addressed in detail. It is the responsibility of the employee to become familiar with the hazards of the immediate work environment, to work in a safe manner using protection provided by the company, and to report and correct unsafe conditions or acts. All employees are required to comply with these rules as a condition of their employment. These rules will be reviewed and revised yearly, therefore, if you have any suggestions for changes or additional safety rules please contact the company Safety Manager, Kevin Mackaman. Any suggestions for protecting ourselves and our future will be taken seriously.
Think before you act, never rush into an unfamiliar situation.
One hand raised straight above the head and moved in a back and forth motion with the hand in an open position.
Both hands raised above the head with both hand closed into the form of a fist. The exception to this is, if the signal/dump person is in the process of dumping the truck and has one hand on the gate dump valve; one arm in the air with a closed fist is acceptable as long as it is a very defined signal.
One arm extended out from the body to the side, moving entire arm in a circular motion.
Personal Protective Equipment
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is designed and provided to help ensure the safety and well being of the employees. Some items and programs are specifically mandated by law. Other items are a part of the overall Company plan for employee safety. Regardless of the source, it will be used in accordance with the safety directives. Hard hats, class II reflective vests, ear plugs, safety glasses, face shields; fall protection harnesses and respirators will be provided by Riverside Contracting when necessary. When issued, the protective equipment becomes the employee’s responsibility to maintain and be readily available for use. PPE cannot be altered in any way. In the event that the employee loses or destroys their equipment, he/she will be financially responsible for its replacement. The employee will not be allowed to continue working until the PPE has been replaced.
Fall protection comes in many different forms. Guardrails, warning lines and personal fall arrest system are just a few. If the area being worked on does not have a guardrail and cannot feasibly have a guardrail installed, a personal fall arrest system must be used. It will be responsibility of the supervisor to ensure the correct fall protection is used for that situation. It is the responsibility of every employee to wear fall arrest system if working at a height of 6 feet or more were there is no guardrail present. There are certain situations where a fall arrest system is required when a guardrail is present.
Fall protection is required
Personal Fall Arrest Systems
There are many different types of fall arrest systems and different applications for all the different types. It is very important that you choose the correct fall arrest system for the particular task you are performing. Using the wrong type of fall arrest system could result in serious injury or even death. Knowing what to use for that situation could mean the difference between life and death.
A full body harness is required when working at a height of 6 feet or more. The harness must be adjusted so that it fits snug, but so tight as to cut off the circulation. The d-ring on your back needs to be adjusted so it rides in the middle of your back between your shoulder blades. Make sure all straps are tucked in so they will not get caught on anything. The chest strap should ride across the middle of your chest. Do not adjust the chest trap too high as it could cause serious damage to your throat or strangulation in the case of a fall. Body belts are not to be used as fall arrest equipment, they can only be used as a restraint devise only.
There are many different types of lanyards. All lanyards must not exceed 6 feet in length. All lanyards must have double locking snap hooks to prevent disengagement in the case of a fall. Lanyards with shock absorbers are designed to slow the decent of your fall and minimize the shock impact to approximately 900 lbs of force. This may vary depending on the size of the person. Lanyards should be hooked to the anchor point as high as possible. Never hook the lanyard back to itself using it as an anchor point; the lanyard does not meet the anchor point requirements. Lanyards without shock absorbers are to be used in repositioning only.
Retractable lanyards are designed to limit your fall to a few feet or less. Retractable lanyards must be able to sustain a minimum tensile load of 3,000 lbs. Retractable lanyards are to be used when working at heights of 16 feet or less.
There are 2 types of anchors, primary and secondary. Primary anchor points shall have a minimum breaking strength of 5,000 lbs. No more than 2 people can be attached to the same primary anchor point and it must have a minimum breaking strength of 10,000 lbs. Secondary anchors are attached to the primary anchors. A lanyard is then attached to the secondary anchor point. Only 1 person can be attached to a secondary anchor point. Secondary anchor points must have a 3,000 pound shock strength.
Positioning Devises Systems
Positioning devises are to be used when you need both hands free to perform your job or certain task. Positioning devises shall be rigged such that a person will not free fall more than 2 feet. 2 lanyards must be used in a positioning system and 1 lanyard must be hooked at all times.
Any Fall Protection Equipment that has been in a fall must be taken out of service immediately and replaced with new.
All fall protection equipment shall meet OSHA 1926.502 Standards.
Only use Fall Protection Equipment for it’s intended use.
Inspection of Equipment
Fall Protection Equipment must be inspected prior to its use. Any flaws or tears in the equipment could cause the equipment to fail in a fall and could cause serious injury or death. If any of the Fall Protection Equipment has any wear marks, any rips or tears, frayed stitching, grommets coming out, any buckles are broke or bent, or the equipment has been in a fall, it must be taken out of service immediately and discarded.
The following are some areas of the equipment to be inspected.
Injury to the back and abdominal muscles from lifting heavy loads is the most common injuries reported. Such injuries can range from relatively mild strains to major permanently disabling injuries. If the load is heavy or is awkward in size, get another person to help you lift the load. Do not attempt to lift the load by yourself.
Construction sites require a variety of heavy equipment. Pavers, rollers, dozers, front end loaders, scrapers and belly dumps are just some of the heavy equipment which may be present on a job site, as well as, compressor and other miscellaneous smaller items. All of these are potentially dangerous if not operated correctly and/or safely.
Wheel Chalks & Blocking
Wheel Chalks and the blocking of equipment is an essential part of keeping the workplace safe and free of accidents. Riverside Contracting has adopted a wheel chalk and blocking policy. When working in an active mine site wheel chalks are required. The following is the rules and regulations that must be followed.
Off Road Equipment
Trucks & Trailers
Trucks and trailers are a very important part of a road construction project. They are the most visible to the public and under the most scrutiny from State and Federal agencies. It is very important that operation of these vehicles is conducted in a safe manner to protect the workers and the general public.
Asphalt Plant, Crushers, CTB Plant and Pugmill Safety
Hot plants, CTB plants and pugmills pose different dangers than other equipment, everything from electrical shock, pinch points, moving parts (belts, pulleys, etc.) and burns are just a few. Being aware of your surroundings at all times is essential.
The Crusher falls under Mine Safety Health Administration (MSHA) regulations. There are minimum requirements that have to be met as a condition of employment at the crushing operation.
Crane Operation Safety
Rigging and Slinging
When repairs or maintenance are required on equipment or machinery, it must be made safe by utilizing the appropriate lockout/tagout procedures. Switches, breakers, valves, and piping are some of the areas where energy can accumulate and be stored. Energy isolation shall be controlled according to the following procedures using locks, tags and other hardware. This policy is intended as the minimum allowable actions to be taken.
Procedures for Crushers, Asphalt Plants, CTB & Pug mill Plants
ü All guards must be replaced properly and to the original location.
ü Make sure all personnel and objects are clear.
ü All lockout devices and padlock shall be removed by the owner(s) of the devices. No device shall be removed unless it is by the owner(s) of the device.
ü The switch returned to the “ON” or “CLOSED” position.
ü The equipment can them be tested by the qualified operator.
Procedures for Heavy Equipment, Trucks & Trailers
Training shall be provided and documented to ensure that each employee understands the functions and purpose of the energy control procedures and have received the knowledge and skills required for safe application, usage and removal of energy controls. Training requirements for this procedure will include:
Failure to use and follow proper lockout and tagout procedures may result in disciplinary actions up to and including termination.
Confined spaces have many physical hazards that exist and are potentially lethal due to the limited fresh air supply and the possible hazardous fumes trapped inside. Know the hazards and safety procedures before you enter.
Prior to entering any confined space, all emergency equipment shall be in place.
Recognizing that mechanics are more susceptible to injury by the nature of their work, the following guidelines have been established. It is very important that mechanics are aware of these procedures to help protect them from injury.
There are many different types of trenching and excavations performed. All trenching and excavation activity must follow 29 CFR Part 1926 standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Concrete poses both safety and health hazards that will be addressed in this section. Some additional personal protective equipment will be necessary.
The Written Hazardous Communication Program contains the following components.
All of the components of the program shall be explained in further in the pages to follow.
HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL LIST
ü Develop, maintain, and update the Hazardous Chemical List of the known substances in the workplace.
ü Evaluate any newly introduced chemicals to the workplace.
ü Oversee the Company labeling program.
ü Implement and oversee the education and training.
ü Maintain Material Safety and Data Sheets (MSDS) and update as needed.
ü Make information available to all employees pertaining to OSHO standards, state and federal laws.
MATERIAL SAFETY AND DATA SHEETS
EMPLOYEE INFORMATION AND TRAINING
Employees will be informed of the following:
Employee training will include:
HAZARDOUS TRAINING FOR NON-ROUTINE TASKS
SUB CONTRACTOR HAZARD WARNING PROGRAM
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL RATING INDEX
Depending on the chemical and the elements of hazardous conditions it possesses will determine the rating it is given in the 4 areas. Only one number or name can be put in a box.
Material Safety Data Sheets
Forklift Man basket Guidelines
Prior to anyone operating a forklift of any kind the operator must be trained and have a forklift certificate.
Design requirements for the manufacture of the man basket shall include the following:
measured across the load bearing tires plus 10 inches on either
Safe operating procedures when elevating personnel:
forks. (i.e. chains or pins)
them from pivoting upward.
forward or rearward when elevated.
personnel are on the platform.
available to operate controls. When the operator is not in the operating position, the forklift wheels should be blocked; the emergency brake set and the operator must be within 25 ft. and visibly see the forklift.
exceed one-fourth of the capacity of the forklift.
railing, planks, ladders, etc., on the platform for purpose of achieving additional reach or height is prohibited.
exit. Personnel shall not climb on any part of the forklift in attempting to enter or exit.
permanent deformation shall be replace.
In an effort to reduce any unnecessary exposure to excessive noise levels, Riverside Contracting has adopted a Hearing Conservation Program. The information that follows is a brief summary of this program; a more detailed program can be obtained from your Supervisor or Safety Manager.
Roller Operators (asphalt or other)
Paver & Screed Operators
All Asphalt Plant & CTB/Pug mill employees
Jackhammer, Wacker or Chain Saw Operator
The company will be conducting periodic safety training throughout the year. Training is mandatory and a condition of employment. Training may be conducted on a jobsite or it may be conducted off-site at a specified meeting place. All employees will be required to attend and will be paid at a rate of $15.00 per hour plus benefits.
Accidents happen when we least expect them to occur. Having a good emergency plan is an important part of every operation. It is equally important to ensure the emergency plan work as designed. It could mean the difference between life and death.
Accident Reporting Procedure
Reporting accidents when they happen is extremely important. This speeds up the investigation and processing.
All injuries must be reported on your time card by checking the injuries “yes” box, and write an explanation of the accident or injury on the back of your time card.
All Riverside employees have the opportunity to qualify for the Incentive/Safety Bonus program. When you have been employed with the company for a total of 4000 hours you will qualify for the program. If you make the 4000 hour benchmark in the middle of the construction you will not qualify for the program until the next construction season. The program is explained in greater detail in another document.
The following is an outline of the criteria that each employee must achieve to get paid the maximum benefit. It also explains what will happen if you do not meet that criteria.
Safety/Incentive Bonus Program:
The program is split into two elements. The first element is a Senior Incentive for longevity with the company, the second element is a Safety Incentive based on your safety performance for that year. Each element equals fifty percent (50%) of the total incentive.
The company has developed and implemented web base training. On the company web site there is an area that is dedicated to training. This area has the employee handbook, training videos and other company documents. It also contains a knowledge quiz related to the type of training you are accessing.
It is a requirement of the company and condition of employment that every current employee accesses the training area on the website within 30 days after they return to work at the start of every new construction season. Training material on the site will be updated by February 15 of that year. Accessing the training material and completing the training requirement can be any time after that date. If the training requirement is not completed within 30 days after returning to work, the employee will not qualify for the Safety Incentive Bonus for that year.
If the employee does not have access to the internet, paper copies of the training material and copies of the videos can be obtained. Paper copies of the applicable quiz(s) can be taken in paper form. Contact the Safety Compliance Manager if you need assistance.
The requirements are as follows:
o All employees.
When you take the quiz that is related to the training material the number of times it takes you to complete all of the questions correctly will be tracked. If it takes you more than 3 attempts to complete all of the answers correctly for that quiz additional training will be required. The material must be read and the videos must be watched prior to taking the quiz.
16.1 Safety Incentives
Rewarding an employee for put an extra effort in creating a safer workplace by going above and beyond the minimum safety requirements is just as important as taking disciplinary action when the employee performs an unsafe action or does not follow the minimum safety requirements.
Periodically throughout the construction season Riverside management will be visiting projects and rewarding employees for an outstanding safety act that the employee is witnessed performing. This will be a monetary reward and be given to the employee on the spot.
When a truck driver receives a Vehicle Roadside Inspection from the Department of Transportation and no violations are found as result of the inspection, the driver will receive an incentive reward of $50.00 or $25.00. It must be a clean inspection.
In the normal course of operations a truck driver will, at some point, receive a Roadside Inspection that is conducted by the Department of Transportation of the state you are operating in. When this occurs you will either get charged with out of compliance violations or have no violations related to the inspection.
The Department of Transportation conducts several inspection levels. The three most common inspections are as follows, but not limited to.
LEVEL I – North American Standard Inspection: An inspection that includes examination of driver’s license, medical examiner’s certificate and waiver, if applicable, alcohol and drugs, driver’s record of duty status as required, hours of service, seat belt, vehicle inspection report, brake system, coupling devices, exhaust system, frame, fuel system, turn signals, brake lamps, tail lamps, head lamps, lamps on projecting loads, safe loading, steering mechanism, suspension, tires, van and open-top trailer bodies, wheels and rims, windshield wipers, emergency exits on buses and HM requirements, as applicable.
LEVEL II – Walk Around Driver/Vehicle Inspection: An examination that includes each of the items specified under the North American Standard Inspection. As a minimum, Level II inspections must include examination of: driver’s license, medical examinees certificate and waiver, if applicable, alcohol and drugs, driver’s record of duty status as required, hours of service, seat belt, vehicle inspection report, brake system, coupling devices, exhaust system, frame, fuel system, turn signals, brake lamps, tail lamps, head lamps, lamps on projecting loads, safe loading, steering mechanism, suspension, tires, van and open-top trailer bodies, wheels and rims, windshield wipers, emergency exits on buses, and HM requirements, as applicable. It is contemplated that the walk-around driver/vehicle inspection will include only those items which can be inspected without physically getting under the vehicle.
Level III – Driver Only Inspection: A roadside examination of the driver’s license, medical certification and waiver, if applicable, driver’s record of duty status as required, hours of service, seat belt, vehicle inspection report, and HM requirements, as applicable.
If a truck driver receives a clean inspection with no violations they will receive a reward/incentive from the company. These incentives are put in place to help bring our CSA scores down and to stay compliant with the Federal Regulations. This is also to reward the employee for a job well done.
The reward breakdown is as follows:
Level I – $50.00 Visa card
Level II – $50.00 Visa card
Level III – $25.00 Visa card
The inspection must have no violations to receive a reward.
16.2 Disciplinary Action and Violations
All Riverside Contracting Inc. employees are required to comply with the safety policies set herein as a condition of your employment. When an employee is cited for a violation, the employee will be held accountable for his/her actions. Non-compliance of these rules will result in a safety violation and/or up to termination. When an employee is issued a safety violation a percentage will be deducted from the original safety incentive bonus.
Non-DOT (laborers & operators):
o A violation will be issued if an:
DOT (truck drivers):
o A violation will be issued if an:
16.2.2 Disciplinary Action:
Riverside Contracting recognizes the value in having long term dedicated employees that are very safety conscious. The Safety/Incentive Bonus Program is designed to reward employees for sticking with the company, being a role model to the new employees, creating a safe workplace and conducting yourself in a safe manner. Not only do we need to create a strong safety culture, we need to recognize and keep the equipment, trucks and trailers in safe working condition. Safety touches every aspect of the operations of Riverside Contracting, from workplace safety to highway safety. Every employee has a responsibility to conduct themselves in a safe manner, never walk past an unsafe action or condition without taking action and to look out for their fellow employees and the general public. If we follow the rules of the company, take great pride in our work and recognize unsafe acts and conditions, we can create a “Zero Incident” environment. If you do these simple things you will be rewarded for your efforts. If you do not, your will be penalized.
Employees that have not reached the 4000 hour threshold and have not qualified for the Safety/Incentive Bonus Program will be required to follow the same training elements and will be eligible for the instant safety incentives for outstanding safety practices and clean roadside inspections.
Non-Qualified employees will fall under the same disciplinary rules without a monetary value assessed.
Non-Safety Related Violations
A violation that is give to an employee that is not safety related will be treated the same way as a safety related violation, a three violation format. It will be at the discretion of the company as to the disciplinary action to be taken. There may be no warning slip given for the infraction and the employee could be terminated on the first infraction. For non-related safety violations there will be no monetary deduction from the yearly incentive.
The types of non-safety violations are as follows but not limited to
Employee Termination, Layoff or Voluntary Quitting:
If an employee voluntarily quits, is laid off or employment is terminated the following will apply.
If employee is laid off or fired for cause: immediately. Employer may have a written policy extending this time to the next payday or within 15 days, whichever is earlier.
If employee quits: next payday or within 15 days, whichever is earlier. (Mont. Code Ann. § 39-3-205.)
It is our belief that all accidents and injuries can be prevented if everyone becomes involved in creating a safety culture, becomes proactive in recognizing and preventing workplace accidents and accepts their safety responsibility. This includes all hourly employees, supervisory employees and management.
We can all make a difference in the prevention of accidents. Every person is in full control over his/her actions. We do have the ability to create and work in an injury free workplace.
If you have any suggestions or additional information is needed, contact your supervisor or Safety Manager, Kevin Mackaman and they will assist you.